Barron, a European merchant and an enthusiastic hunter from
Rosa, near Shahjahanpur, founded "NAINITAL" in the year 1841.
Mr. P. Barron was the first European who took great fancy to
this land. Moved by the beauty of the sparkling lake he wrote:
"It is by far the best site I have witnessed in the course of
a 1,500 miles trek in the Himalayas." It is very less is known
about the history of Nainital. The name "NAINI" is
derived from a temple to the goddess 'Naini Devi" built
on the upper edge of the lake and was destroyed by the
landslip of 1880. It was subsequently replaced by a modern
structure. The word "Naini" means 'Eyes' and 'Tal'
Air : Nearest airport is at Pantnagar (Dist. Udam Singh
Nagar), 71km. At the time of writing flights are not
Rail : Connected by broadgauge with Delhi & Kolkatta,
Kathgodam is the nearest railhead 35km away. From
Lalkaun(60km), trains are available for Agra & Lucknow.
Reservation can be made at Nainital from Reservation Office,
Tallital. A special Shatabdi Express operates from Delhi to
Kathgodam every Friday & Sunday in summer from April to July.
Road : Nainital is connected by good roads to all the
major National & State Highways. There is a regular half an
hour service to Kathgodam. The deluxe & ordinary services
connect Delhi at regular intervals.
Destination Magic :
Naini Lake : The nucleus of Nainital's exquisite beauty
is beautiful lake .In the day ,mirrored in its waters stand
seven proud hills,dotted with pretty cottages and villas.
Hanuman Garhi : This place is of religious importance.
Situated at a height of 1951 meters this place was established
by Baba Neem Kiroli. A very beautiful Hanuman mandir is at the
top. From Hanuman Garhi watching the Sunset is very soothing.
You can walk down from Nainital to Hanuman Garhi.
Mukteshwar : This is 52 km from Nainital and 6 km from
the resort. It is at the height of 2286 m and famous for IVRI
campus, thickly wooded forests and majestic view of the
Himalaya, near by in the stone hole of Chauli ki Jali
dedicated to Lord Shiva where people come to pray for
children. The Lohakot at Mukteshwar is an extension of Gagar
mountain range. Mukteshwar's wild life sanctuary is a division
of Corbett National Park . From Mukteshwar Himalaya ranging
can be seen. On moon light nights seeing the sparkling town of
Jeolikote : This is at the height of 1219 m. It famous
as a health centre, for its butterflies and for the production
of honey, mushrooms and fruits including strawberries and
Bhimtal : This is 46 km from the Resort and 22 km from
Nainital at the height of 1371 m. The lake with an island.
Sattal : This is 45 km from the Resort and 21 km from
Nainital. It is famous for a peaceful cluster of lakes.
Naukuhcital : This is 50 km from the Resort and 26 km
from Nainital. It is famous for clean and alluring lake which
has nine corners.
Observatory : The clear skies over Nainital prompted
the government to setup an observatory here. The observatory
has one of the most advance telescopes in India. These two
lakes are 72 km far from Nainital and situated at a distance
of 1 km from one another. Both has the surface area of about 2
km each. Near lokhamtal is a temple dedicated to Lokham, where
a fair is held on Baisakhi Poornima.
Horse Riding : Horse riding is another important
attraction for tourists in Nainital . Horses can be hired at
Barapatthar . Several tourist use horses as their transport
mode to visit the different peaks of Nainital.Horse Riding is
now strictly prohibited inside the Nainital town.
Nainital is referred to in the 'Manas Khand' of the 'Skanda
Purana' as the Tri-Rishi-Sarovar,the lake of the three sages ,Atri,Pulastya
and Pulaha who were reputed to have arrived here on a
penitential pilgrimage, and, finding no water to quench their
thirst dug a hole and siphoned water into it from Mansarovar
the sacred lake in Tibet.